In 2007, a group of 81 people met in Vietnam to begin to develop global standards for the pangasius aquaculture industry. Over a three-year period, 550 more people joined the discussion. Their work ended in August 2010, when the first set of credible global standards for the pangasius aquaculture industry was published. WWF led this initiative.
The group – called the Pangasius Aquaculture Dialogue – was motivated by the need to minimize the potential negative impacts pangasius farming can have on the environment and society. The impacts associated with this type of farming, which usually is done in a man-made pond, include water pollution, the destruction of natural habitat and unfair wages for farm workers.
The final standards will help transform one of the fastest growing aquaculture industries in the world. In Vietnam, where most farmed pangasius comes from, more than 1 million tons of farmed pangasius is produced annually, up from 110,000 tons in 2000. Most of the fish is exported to the European Union, United States and Russia.
Pangasius farmers who adopt the standards will earn a label from a new entity, the Aquaculture Stewardship Council, certifying that their seafood was raised in an environmentally-friendly and socially-responsible way.
Through the Freshwater Trout Aquaculture Dialogue (SAD), performance-based standards for freshwater trout farming are being developed. This document provides the first draft of the principles and criteria that will form the final standards. When completed, the final standards will help minimize the key environmental and social impacts related to freshwater trout farming.
Through the Salmon Aquaculture Dialogue (SAD), performance-based standards for salmon farming are being developed. This document provides the first draft of the principles and criteria that will form the final standards. When completed, the final standards will help minimize the key environmental and social impacts related to salmon farming.
Coral reefs are being lost to the world at a rate five times faster than rainforests, often as a result of polluted farm run-off. The good news is that solutions are being pioneered in Australia as a result of innovative lending, demonstrating that modern technology can significantly improve farm profitability and reduce pollution at the same time.
Putting a price on carbon pollution and investing in clean technology projects in developing countries could create hundreds of thousands of jobs in the U.S. and help America catch up to China and Europe in the clean energy race.
This case study, by consultant Nancy Diamond, demonstrates the application of a gender-integration tool that can be used by the conservation sector (called WWF Women’s Economic, Social, and Political Empowerment Tool or “WWESPE”), to the context of integrated population, health, environment (PHE) projects implemented by WWF-Nepal. The study focuses on the extent to which these WWF PHE projects contributed to women’s empowerment and/or conservation outcomes.
Through the Shrimp Aquaculture Dialogue (ShAD), performance-based standards for shrimp farming are being developed. This document provides the first draft of the principles and criteria that will form the final standards. When completed, the final standards will help minimize the key environmental and social impacts related to shrimp farming.
The report focuses on four phenomena and/or regions where climate change may push the Earth system past tipping points with significant impacts within this century: sea level rise, particularly along the northeast U.S. coast, shifts in the Indian summer monsoon combined with the melting of Himalayan glaciers, Amazon die-back and drought, and shift in aridity in southwest North America. The report was produced by WWF and Allianz SE.
Forests in the Amazon are increasingly threatened by illegal and unsustainable logging. Each year the Amazon’s forests are reduced by as much as 27,000 km2—roughly the size of Massachusetts. As the world’s top importer of forest products, the United States contributes significantly to this deforestation and forest degradation through increased market demand for high value commercial species, including mahogany and Spanish cedar.
Over the past few decades, the Arctic has warmed at about twice the rate of the rest of the globe. The impact of this on the Arctic’s physical systems, biological systems, and human inhabitants is large and projected to grow throughout this century and beyond.
This report concludes that sea-levels will very likely rise by more than one meter by 2100 -- more than twice the amount given in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s 2007 assessment that had excluded the contribution of ice sheets from their projection.
Analysis by WWF of palm oil production in Kalimantan, Indonesia, found that by pursuing a strategy of yield intensification and planting on degraded lands, the palm oil industry would effectively be able to tackle financial hurdles, minimize impact on biodiversity, and meet climate change criteria in terms of carbon payback without further deforestation.