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Malayan Tiger

Overview

  • Status
    Endangered
  • Population
    around 500
  • Scientific Name
    Panthera tigris jacksoni
  • Weight
    220 – 264 pounds
  • Habitats
    Tropical moist broadleaf forests

Malayan tigers number around 500 and were classified as the Indochinese tiger until DNA testing in 2004 showed it to be a separate subspecies. Its Latin name—Panthera tigris jacksoni— honors Peter Jackson, the famous tiger conservationist. Malayan tigers are found only on the Malay Peninsula and in the southern tip of Thailand.

Why They Matter

  • Save Tigers and Save so Much More

    Protecting tiger habitats in Malaysia safeguards other species like Asian elephants and mainland clouded leopards too.

Threats

  • Population around 500
  • Extinction Risk Endangered
    1. EX
      Extinct

      No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died

    2. EW
      Extinct in the Wild

      Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population

    3. CR
      Critically Endangered

      Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild

    4. EN
      Endangered

      Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild

    5. VU
      Vulnerable

      Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild

    6. NT
      Near Threatened

      Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future

    7. LC
      Least Concern

      Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened

Malayan Tiger

Illegal Wildlife Trade

Poachers have infiltrated the forests of Malaysia and plundered its wildlife, including tigers. Malaysian wildlife is in high demand in Asian markets for use as folk medicine and as a sign of wealth.

Habitat Loss

Logging operations and the development of roads pose a big threat to Malayan tiger habitats. Conversion of forests to agriculture or commercial plantations results in frequent encounters between tigers and livestock. The cost for farmers can be high—livestock loss due to tigers is estimated to have cost more than $400,000 from 1993-2003 in Terengganu, one of the poorest areas in Peninsular Malaysia. In retaliation, tigers are often killed by authorities or angry villagers. Tigers killed as “conflict” animals often end up on the black market, creating a link between human-tiger conflict and poaching.

What WWF Is Doing

Penisular Malaysia, Malaysia

Assessing tiger habitat in forests adjacent to palm oil plantations in Malaysia.

Fighting Wildlife Crime

The documentary On Borrowed Time highlights the poaching crisis in the Banjaran Titiwangsa tiger landscape and was produced by WWFand TRAFFIC, the global wildlife trade monitoring network. Our work has uncovered a trail of wildlife crime and the documentary is a call to action against poaching and forest encroachment. The Belum-Temengor Forest Complex is one of the last refuges for amazing, yet highly threatened wildlife, such as the Malayan tiger, Asian elephant and Sunda pangolin.

Mitigating Human-Wildlife Conflict

WWF has led an initiative to reduce human-wildlife conflict through better livestock management. By helping farmers build more secure cattle sheds, livestock predation by tigers has been significantly reduced. WWF also managed to reverse a 2002 decision by a Malaysian state government to eliminate all tigers.

Land-Use Planning and Management

WWF helps state governments make tiger-friendly planning decisions. In addition, we work on management of High Conservation Value Forests in order to ensure protection of tiger habitats. WWF helps the government of Malaysia site and develop wildlife corridors to maintain connectivity between forest areas with the construction of roads.

Tiger Research

WWF has helped set up camera traps to monitor tiger populations and other wildlife. These surveys help us measure Malayan tiger populations and understand their habits.

Community Outreach

WWF knows that for tigers to survive, local communities must understand the importance of tiger conservation. Our education efforts include comic books describing how to avoid human-tiger conflict and a website developed for children.

Experts

Related Species

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