Scandinavian coastal conifer forests

  • Scientific Code
  • Ecoregion Category
  • Size
    7,500 square miles
  • Status
  • Habitats


Location and General Description

Biodiversity Features

Current Status

Types and Severity of Threats

Justification of Ecoregion Delineation
This ecoregion is equivalent to the DMEER (2000) unit of the same name. The formation of the DMEER (2000) unit was heavily influenced by climatic criteria. This unit is dominated by Bohn et al.’s (2000) western boreal and nemoral-montane birch forests.

Bohn, Udo, Gisela Gollub, and Christoph Hettwer. 2000. Reduced general map of the natural vegetation of Europe. 1:10 million. Bonn-Bad Godesberg 2000

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Council of Europe. 1998. Rapport relatif à la carte sur les sites de conservation de la nature désignés en application des instruments internationaux au niveau paneuropéen. Comité d'experts pour le réseau écologique paneuropéen (STRA-REP-98-2). CoE, Strasbourg.

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Digital Map of European Ecological Regions (DMEER), Version 2000/05 Retrieved from:

EU DG-ENV 2000. The Directorate General on Environment of the European Union, coordinating the Natura 2000 network (Birds and Habitats Directive). URL: Retrieved from: <>

Gasc J.P., A. Cabela, J. Crnobrnja-Isailovic, D. Dolmen, K. Grossenbacher, P. Haffner, J. Lescure, H. Martens, J.P. Martinez Rica, H. Maurin, M.E. Oliveira, T.S. Sofianidou, M. Veith, and A. Zuiderwijk, editors. 1997: Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europaea Herpetologica & Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (IEGB/SPN), Paris, 496pp.

Heath, M. F., and M. I. Evans, editors. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2 vols. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.

Heinzel, H., R. Fitter, and J. Parslow. 1977. Pareys Vogelbuch - Alle Vögel Europas, Nordafrikas und des mittleren Ostens. Hamburg, Berlin: Aufl. Verl. P. Parey.

IUCN 2000: The Global Redlist of Species, of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. URL:

Ozenda, P. 1994. Végétation du Continent Européen. Lausanne, Switzerland: Delachaux et Niestlé.

Stanners, D., and P. Bourdeau, editors. 1995. Europe's environment: the Dobris assessment. Copenhagen: European Environment Agency.

State of the Environment Norway. Retrieved from:

Walter, H. 1984. Vegetationen und Klimazonen: Grundriss der globalen Ökologie. Stuttgart, Ulmer: Aufl.

Wheatley, N. 2000. Where to watch birds in Europe and Russia. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

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