Eastern Asia: Eastern Russia

Kamchatka is comprised of boreal forests at mid-elevations at the valley of Kamchatka river on Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula. Called "Conifer Island" by Russians, it is the only significant coniferous forest on the Peninsula and represents the easternmost example of Siberian taiga forest. Biodiversity is lower here than on mainland Russia as the treeless depression of Parapolskii Dol functions as a biological barrier between the Kamchatka peninsula and the mainland taiga.

  • Scientific Code
  • Ecoregion Category
  • Size
    5,900 square miles
  • Status
    Relatively Stable/Intact
  • Habitats


Location and General Description

Biodiversity Features

Current Status

Types and Severity of Threats

Justification of Ecoregion Delineation
Ecoregion boundaries correspond to the southern taiga in the Kamchatka-Kurile province in Kurnaev’s (1990) forest map of the USSR. Taiga forests of Yeddo spruce and Kajander larch grow primarily in the Kamchatka River Valley (Knystautas 1987) between 1000-1200 meters. However, the ecoregion’s elevation tends to decrease in the south and west and increase in the north and east (Isachenko & Shliapnikov 1989).

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Isachenko, A. G. 1985. Landshafty SSSR. [Landscapes of the USSR] Leningrad. Izd-vo Leningradskogo Universiteta. (In Russian).

Isachenko, A. G., and A. G. Shliapnikov. 1989. Landschafts. Mysl’, Moscow.

Kabanov, N. E. editor. 1963. Lesa Kamchatki i ich lesochoziaistvennoje znachenije. [Forests of Kamchatka and their forestry importance]. Moskva, Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR. (In Russian).

Kharkevich, S. S., and S. K. Cherepanov. editors. 1981. Opredelitel’ sosudistych rastenii Kamchatskoi oblasti. [Key for the vascular plants of Kamchatka region]. "Nauka" Publishing, Moskva. (In Russian)

Kondratjuk, V. I. 1974. Klimat Kamchatki. [The climate of Kamchatka]. Moskva. Gidrometeoizdat. (In Russian).

Knystautas, A. 1987. The natural history of the USSR. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Kurnaev, S. 1990. Forest regionalization of the USSR (1:16,000,000). Department of Geodesy and Cartography, Moscow.

Lazarev, G. A. 2000a. Preserving Kamchatka’s forests. Russian Conservation News 23:33-34.

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Letunov, P. A. editor. 1962. Pochvenno-geograficheskoje raionirovanie SSSR. [Soil geographical subdivision of the USSR]. Moskva, Izd-vo Akademii Nauk SSSR. (In Russian).

Liubimova, E. L. 1961 Kamchatka. Fiziko-geograficheskii ocherk. [Kamchatka. The essay of physical geography]. Moskva. Gosud. Izd-vo geograph. Literatury. (In Russian).

Man’ko, Y. I., and V. P. Voroshilov. 1978. Elovyje lesa Kamchatki. [ Spruce forests of Kamchatka]. "Nauka" Publishing Moskva. (In Russian).

Lobkov, E. G. 1986. Gnezdiaschiesja ptitsy Kamchatki. (The breeding birds of Kamchatka). Vladivostok, Izd-vo Dalnevost. Nauchnogo Centra Akademii Nauk SSSR. (In Russian).

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Newell, J. 2000. The Russian Far East. Friends of the Earth Japan. www.sirius.com/~meganf/yakutia.html).

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Taiga Rescue Network (www.snf.se/TRN/).

Tolmachev, A. I. 1974. Vvedenije v geografiju rasteniy. [The introduction to plant geography) Leningrad, Izd-vo Leningr. Universiteta. (In Russian).

Prepared by: John Pearce
Reviewed by: