Location and General Description
Types and Severity of Threats
Justification of Ecoregion Delineation
This ecoregion is equivalent to the DMEER (2000) unit of the same name. The ecoregion comprises Bohn et al.’s (2000) western boreal and nemoral-montane birch forests, boreal vegetation in the boreal zone, and subnival-nival vegetation of high mountains in the boreal zone. Some small coastal areas of western boreal and nemoral-montane birch forests that are part of the Scandinavian coastal conifer forests ecoregion.
Bohn, Udo, Gisela Gollub, and Christoph Hettwer. 2000. Reduced general map of the natural vegetation of Europe. 1:10 million. Bonn-Bad Godesberg 2000.
Davis, S.D., V.H. Heywood, and A.C. Hamilton. 1994. Centres of Plant Diversity. Vol. 1: Europe, Africa, Southwest Asia and Middle East. WWF and IUCN, Washington DC.
Digital Map of European Ecological Regions (DMEER), Version 2000/05 (http://dataservice.eea.eu.int/dataservice/metadetails.asp?table=DMEER&i=1)
Heath, M.F., and M.I. Evans, editors. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2 vols. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.
Heinzel, H., R. Fitter, and J. Parslow. 1977. Pareys Vogelbuch - Alle Vögel Europas, Nordafrikas und des mittleren Ostens. Aufl. Verl. P. Parey, Hamburg, Berlin.
IUCN 2000: The Global Redlist of Species, of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. URL: <http://www.redlist.org>
Wheatley, N. 2000. Where to watch birds in Europe and Russia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.