Southern Iran, eastern Iraq, and western Pakistan

  • Scientific Code
  • Ecoregion Category
  • Size
    135,700 square miles
  • Status
  • Habitats


Location and General Description

Biodiversity Features

Current Status

Types and Severity of Threats

Justification of Ecoregion Delineation
This ecoregion is concentrated in the hills north of the Persian Gulf and south of the mountain ranges of Iran. Boundaries were defined using using Zohary’s (1973) geobotanical map of the Middle East. He defines this region as Acacietea flavae iranica and Nubo-Sindian vegetation in the Sudanian and Sub-Sudanian vegetation zone. In Pakistan, the boundary conforms to the thorn scrub forest, part of the Thar-Indus bioregion, in Mackinnon’s (1997) original vegetation map of the Indo-Malayan biogeographic realm.

Mackinnon, J., M. Sha, C. Cheung, G. Carey, Z. Xiang, and D. Melville. 1996. A biodiversity review of China. World Wide Fund for Nature, Hong Kong.

Zohary, M. 1973. Geobotanical foundations of the Middle East, volume1,2. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany.

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Reviewed by: