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Human Elephant Conflict

Human Elephant Conflict

Smoking "Chilli bomb" - a mixture of dried elephant dung and hot chilli, which is placed around the crop fields. Ignited it functions like a stinking smoke-shell and is an effective elephant deterrent. Elephants apparently do not like the smell of chilli and therefore usually stay away from the thus protected fields. Kwandu Conservancy, East Caprivi, Namibia.