This $12.7 million GEF project focuses on the critical habitats of big cats in the Russian Federation: the Amur tiger, snow leopard, Persian leopard and Far Eastern leopard. The project will conserve unique landscapes within the Altai-Sayan, North Caucasus and Amur regions, which are critical for the survival of these rare species. The project will invest in federal and regional government bodies, scientific institutions, businesses, NGOs and local communities that are cooperating to establish sustainable habitat management regimes. It will also support the improvement of legislation and law enforcement at federal and local levels to protect the big cats’ habitats. Additionally, the project will help to develop international collaboration on monitoring big cat populations and work with neighboring countries to combat poaching and illegal trade.