Known colloquially as the ‘30x30 target’, Target 3 of the Global Biodiversity Framework contains an ambitious commitment to conserve 30% of terrestrial, inland water, coastal and marine areas by 2030, “through ecologically representative, well-connected and equitably governed systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, recognizing indigenous and traditional territories.”
30x30: A Guide to Inclusive, Equitable and Effective Implementation of Target 3 of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework is the first globally relevant guide on Target 3. Developed by WWF, IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, and The Nature Conservancy, and supported by funding from the Global Environment Facility, this guide is intended to support governments and many other actors to contribute to this complex target in ways that are inclusive, equitable and effective.
The guide contains two main parts. Part 1 introduces Target 3 and provides practical advice about planning for and implementing Target 3. Part 2 engages with the details of each element of the target, digging deeper into the definitions and concepts. It also makes recommendations for how to integrate elements of Target 3 into National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans and about how to ensure Target 3 activities are also climate responsive.