Japan is a country with one of the world’s largest ivory markets and flourishing domestic trade. Although Japan has taken some steps in amending its legal framework around the ivory trade, the domestic markets still remain open and are thus contributing to the illegal domestic ivory trade. This report analyzes best practices related to the commercial ivory trade in six international jurisdictions to ultimately provide a guide for how Japan can improve its legal and regulatory measures on this issue.
A summary of the largest-ever ivory consumer survey, which identifies target consumer groups, products and drivers of consumption that need to be addressed as a priority to ensure that China’s recent ivory ban is effective.
A TRAFFIC report has exposed a disturbing new shift in the illegal trade of African rhino horn. Highly adaptive, transnational criminal networks operating in Southern Africa have begun processing rhino horn locally to evade detection by enforcement agencies and supply ready-made products to seemingly insatiable consumers in China and Vietnam.
Snow Leopard poaching and trafficking is revisited 13 years after TRAFFIC's 2003 report on this subject, Fading Footprints: The Killing and Trade of Snow Leopards. This report summarizes range-wide research on snow leopard crime covering the period from 2003-2016 and addresses major information gaps concerning the linkage between retaliatory killing for livestock depredation and the commercial trade in snow leopard parts. (55 page Technical Report)
A report on findings of the WWF Asia High Mountains Project-supported 2012-2014 snow leopard camera trap survey of Wangchuck Centennial National Park in Bhutan. This was the first systematic snow leopard survey in WCNP and provides the first estimates of snow leopard population size, density, and distribution in Bhutan’s largest protected area. (35 page Technical Report)
This rapid assessment by TRAFFIC of domestic ivory markets in the U.S. finds that state bans seem to be having an impact on reducing the open availability of elephant ivory in formerly significant urban markets.
WWF and TRAFFIC believe that an ivory trade ban in China is feasible and could be effective in contributing to a reduction in current threats to African elephants. Such an ambitious and achievable act could garner positive exposure for China's responsible action on a critical wildlife conservation issue and become a positive influence on other countries' efforts to tackle the illicit ivory trade.
To combat the trade in illegal wildlife products through web-based platforms, e-commerce and social media companies have teamed up to adopt a standardized wildlife policy framework for online trade. This policy simplifies shopping guidelines for consumers, helps educate users about product legality, eliminates the loopholes that make it easy for criminals to traffic wildlife online and presents a unified, global front to stop wildlife crime.
This study by TRAFFIC and WWF, with support from the US Fish and Wildlife Service and US NOAA Fisheries, finds that trade may be a threat to the conservation of the chambered nautilus. The report calls on source and destination countries to take actions to reform harvest and trade controls to prevent the overexploitation and illegal harvest and sale of nautilus.
This study by TRAFFIC and WWF finds that while there is no evidence that international trade is currently a threat to the conservation of narwhals, improved monitoring of trade levels is increasingly important as climate change is likely to have a significant impact on narwhal populations.
This report focuses on the international trade of walrus parts and derivatives. The purpose is to provide insight into current international trade, limitations in available information and potential impacts that trade may have on the conservation of the species.