The importance of biodiversity below the forest canopy is often underappreciated, and yet it is a crucial component of healthy functioning forest ecosystems. Below the Canopy: Plotting Global Trends in Forest Wildlife Populations is the first-ever global assessment of forest-dwelling wildlife populations and highlights the multitude of threats forest-living species are facing.
Analysis by WWF experts found that two of the world’s largest palm oil companies—Asian Agri and Wilmar—purchased palm oil fruit that was illegally grown within the boundaries of the Tesso Nilo Forest Complex, an area that includes Tesso Nilo National Park and surrounding forest concessions where it is illegal to plant palm oil.
The lush rain forests on the Indonesian island of Sumatra suffer from what may be the world’s fastest deforestation rate, threatening the survival of species and causing massive carbon emissions. WWF found that two brands sold in the United States—Paseo and Livi—are made with paper from Asia Pulp & Paper (APP), which is responsible for more forest destruction in Sumatra than any other single company.
Analysis by WWF of palm oil production in Kalimantan, Indonesia, found that by pursuing a strategy of yield intensification and planting on degraded lands, the palm oil industry would effectively be able to tackle financial hurdles, minimize impact on biodiversity, and meet climate change criteria in terms of carbon payback without further deforestation.