WWF is setting out on a 60-year challenge to save one of the last great stands of rain forest in the deforestation hotspot that is the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
In August 2015, WWF-Indonesia received licenses to manage 100,000 acres of forests bordering Bukit Tigapuluh National Park that been originally earmarked for logging concessions.
Together with Frankfurt Zoological Society and The Orangutan Project, the WWF team is working through the newly formed PT Alam Bukit Tigapuluh (PT AB30), a concession company that will focus on restoring parts of the concession that have been deforested, setting aside some parts for income generation to benefit local and indigenous communities and support the forestry operations, all while protecting the majority of forest to benefit both nature and people.
It’s a bold solution to a problem driven by a global market for commodities like palm oil, rubber and timber.
If successful, the team will save some of the most biologically important forests on our planet, along with the wildlife, indigenous communities and forest-based carbon they hold.
How We Got Here
In 1995, WWF played a key role with other conservation groups in helping create Bukit Tigapuluh National Park, the core of the 30 Hills landscape. We then sought to have the protected area expanded to its originally intended size, encompassing several hundred thousand acres that surround it.
Some of the world’s most critically endangered species as well as the indigenous forest-dwelling Orang Rimba and Talang Mamak tribes were getting squeezed into ever-shrinking islands of forests in a sea of palm oil and pulp and paper plantations.
By the first decade of the 21st century, Sumatra had lost over half its forests. It was a crisis.
There was no other recourse but to consider bold new options.
By 2010, WWF and conservation partners embarked on a little-trod path in Indonesia, applying to manage part of the forest outside the national park ourselves as a forest concession, just as a logging company would. A critical step would be working with the Indonesian government to rezone the forest as Ecosystem Restoration Concessions, which would allow the forests to be managed for their long-term value, not short-term gain.
WWF's local team set out to cultivate a broad base of support in Indonesia including the former president, local political leaders, the provincial governor, communities and indigenous people. These efforts were supported by the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation. The actor and WWF-US board member championed the cause and helped bring attention to the need to save Thirty Hills.
What We’re Going To Do
The concession becomes a key part of WWF’s broader efforts in Thirty Hills to ensure this spectacular forest and its wildlife survive long term. Top priorities are to strengthen surveillance and protection because poaching, encroachment, and illegal logging are all serious problems.
Some of the things WWF and our partners are doing:
- Working with Michelin, the world’s second-largest tire company, to identify key forest within the company’s adjacent rubber plantation that should remain undeveloped for elephants and other wildlife.
- Establishing an Eyes on Forest unit to monitor forest crimes through on-the-ground investigations and satellite imagery. Findings will be shared with the public, media and national and global forest product buyers.
- Gathering the best-available visual data using drones to map traditional village land rights and uses to inform the next phase of the project when indigenous communities are invited to become shareholders in our company.
- Selling rubber to Michelin that has been harvested in the concession.
- Studying the income-generation potential of non-timber forest products like rattan and honey.