Which elephant is the leader of the herd?
Females and calves live in complex social structures led by a matriarch, while male elephants tend to live in isolation.
Do female African elephants have tusks?
All African elephants, including females, have tusks.
What do elephants use their trunks for?
An elephant’s trunk is used for picking up objects, trumpeting warnings, greeting other elephants, for drinking water or bathing.
Varied habitats in sub-Saharan Africa, including deserts, savannahs and forests
Vegetation such as leaves, roots, bark, grasses and fruit
Poaching for ivory; habitat loss
Elephants can eat up to 600 pounds of vegetation and consume 50 to 60 gallons of water a day.
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