Attention to wildlife crime is increasingly being elevated to higher political levels through a number of potentially powerful initiatives such as the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC) and INTERPOL’s Project Predator. There are some strong developments in regional enforcement networking in South Asia and Central America. There is a growing recognition that wildlife trade is a driver of positive and negative impacts for wildlife conservation and that the significance of the impacts cannot be ignored.
The international ivory trade remains one of the world’s most controversial wildlife trade issues. In recent decades, public attention has focused primarily on trade in ivory derived from the African Elephant Loxodonta africana.