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Coalition to End Wildlife Trafficking Online

African elephants stand in tall grass

The world’s most endangered species are under threat from an unsuspecting source—the Internet.

Advances in technology and connectivity across the world, combined with rising buying power and demand for illegal wildlife products, have increased the ease of exchange from poacher to consumer. As a result, an unregulated online market allows criminals to sell illegally obtained wildlife products across the globe. Purchasing elephant ivory, tiger cubs, and pangolin scales is as easy as click, pay, ship.

Fortunately, the world’s biggest e-commerce, technology, and social media companies have joined forces to shut down online marketplaces for wildlife traffickers. The Coalition to End Wildlife Trafficking Online brings together companies from across the world in partnership with wildlife experts at WWF, TRAFFIC the wildlife trade monitoring network, and the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) for an industry-wide approach to reduce wildlife trafficking online by 80% by 2020.

Our Partners

Shutting down global online illegal wildlife trade requires an integrated, international solution. WWF and partners are collaborating with companies across continents, such as eBay, Google, Microsoft and Tencent, to unite the industry and maximize impact for reducing wildlife trafficking online.  

The Coalition is convening dialogues between partners to share lessons learned and best practices. As wildlife experts, WWF, TRAFFIC and IFAW also provide companies with updated global and regional trade trend data, training materials, policy guidance and educational information for users to help spot illegal products.

Full list of companies involved

How to get involved

For individuals

  • Learn more about species that shouldn’t be traded through our Wildlife-Friendly Online Trade Policy to make sure you aren’t unknowingly purchasing a protected species product.
  • Interested in helping WWF and partners keep endangered wildlife products offline? Contact us at If you’re already a WWF member, apply to be a Coalition Cyber Spotter through our Panda Ambassador program to get trained to detect and report illegal wildlife products on partner platforms.

For companies

Is your company ready to join the others and our partners in the fight against wildlife cybercrime?

  • Step 1: Contact the team at to join the Coalition to End Wildlife Trafficking Online publicly and strive to follow its principles.
  • Step 2: Work with wildlife experts to develop an action plan with metrics to address specific wildlife trafficking threats on your platform to deliver on the 2020 goal.
  • Step 3: Deploy activities to meet the 2020 goal, such as ensuring that clear, comprehensive and enforceable wildlife trade policies are in place; enhancing staff ability to detect illegal wildlife products; collaborating with the academic community and other companies to advance machine learning for endangered species content identification; and rolling out a user awareness campaign and citizen monitoring program to mobilize the public to do their part to stop wildlife trafficking online.
  • Step 4: Participate in regional quarterly coalition meetings (remote/in-person), share learning and best practices with Coalition members, and consider long-term options for sustained reduction in wildlife trafficking online.


Wildlife parts and products


More than 20,000 African elephants are killed each year in order to meet demand for ivory trinkets and ornamental objects.

Before: © Martin Harvey / WWF + After: © WWF-US


Three rhinos are killed each day in South Africa alone for their horns for tonics and aphrodisiacs and carved ornamental cups such as this cup.

Before: © Martin Harvey / WWF + After: © WWF-US


One million pangolins have been trafficked in the last ten years. Their products found online include scales for medicinal purposes and leather products like these boots.

Before: © XL Catlin Seaview Survey + After: © WWF-US

Marine Turtles

Marine turtles are trafficked online for products made from their shells such as hair combs and leather products such as boots.

Before: © Antonio Busiello/WWF-US + After: © Meg Gawler/WWF


Tigers are trafficked as live cubs, furs, claws and teeth (as amulets) and bones used in traditional medicines.

Before: © Tiger Walking Credit: Dipankar Ghose / WWF-India + After: © Ola Jennersten/WWF-Sweden