We focus on the conservation of four rhino species:
To protect black rhinos from poaching and habitat loss, WWF is taking action in three key African rhino range countries: Namibia, South Africa, and Kenya. Together, these nations hold about 87% of the total black rhino population.
WWF is working with government agencies and partners in these countries to support law enforcement agencies; build support for rhinos in surrounding communities; develop and build on innovative tech solutions; and equip and train rangers to stop poachers. We also support translocation efforts to establish new black rhino populations in these countries to ensure the species is healthy and growing.
WWF is supporting Rhino Protection Unites in Ujung Kulon National Park, Java, to safeguard the last remaining population of Javan rhinos from poaching. WWF also conducts research, including camera trap monitoring, which continues to reveal critical information about behavioral patterns, distribution, movement, population size, sex ratio, and genetic diversity. WWF and partners are also working to establish a second population of Javan rhinos.
The Sumatran rhino is possibly the most endangered large mammal on the planet, with fewer than 100 surviving in fragmented sub-populations across Indonesia on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. The remaining populations of Sumatran rhinos are small and isolated, limiting reproduction in the wild.
With our Sumatran Rhino Consortium partners, WWF aims to ensure that the remaining Sumatran rhino populations are secured and growing through effective protection and intensive management and captive breeding.
Greater One-Horned Rhino
The recovery of the greater one-horned rhino is among the greatest conservation success stories in Asia. However, the species’ remarkable recovery has been constrained by a lack of adequate habitat. Currently, 85% of all greater one-horned rhinos are concentrated in just two locations in India and Nepal.
To ensure continued recovery of the greater one-horned rhino, WWF is supporting the establishment of new populations by translocating rhinos to protected areas with suitable habitat within the species’ historic range. Translocating rhinos from the two main populations will allow both groups to expand into new territories and will also decrease densities, leading to increased breeding rates. We are setting up systematic monitoring programs to measure the health and status of resident and newly translocated rhinos and supporting effective anti-poaching measures.