In 2005, The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment provided the first global assessment of the world’s ecosystems and ecosystem services. It concluded that recent trends in ecosystem change threatened human well-being due to declining ecosystem services, a bleak prophecy which has galvanized conservation organizations, ecologists, and economists to work towards rigorous valuations of ecosystem services at a spatial scale and with a resolution that can inform public policy. This book provides an intensive and technical analysis of ecosystem services to date. A key idea which guides the science is that the modelling and valuation approaches being developed should use data which are readily available around the world. In addition, the book documents a toolbox of ecosystem service mapping, modelling, and valuation models that both The Nature Conservancy and the World Wide Fund for Nature are beginning to apply around the world as they transform conservation from a biodiversity-only to a people and ecosystem services agenda. The book addresses land, freshwater, and marine systems at a variety of spatial scales, and includes discussion of how to treat both climate change and cultural values when examining tradeoffs among ecosystem services.
WWF contributors include: Nasser Olwero, Robin Naidoo, Emily McKenzie, Eric Wikramanayake, and Taylor Ricketts
The majority of the timber from Peru is harvested illegally. The new National Pact for Legal Wood represents an unprecedented opportunity to address major challenges in the country’s forestry sector and to create the conditions needed to develop a domestic market for legal Peruvian wood.
WWF works with partners and local communities in Iowa’s Cedar River Valley to pilot and develop new scientific approaches to inform decisions for sourcing corn more sustainably. Learn how these tools will enable public and private supply chain actors to evaluate the potential range of environmental benefits and costs of achieving sustainability goals.
A new study by twelve international and Indonesian NGOs, including WWF, shows that in spite of its high-profile commitment to “zero deforestation”, Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) is building one of the world’s largest pulp mills in the Indonesian province of South Sumatra without a sustainable wood supply.
The palm oil industry has caused dramatic deforestation in Indonesia. This report, based on an Eyes on the Forest investigation, demonstrates how tainted crude palm oil entered the supply chains of several of the most well-known palm oil suppliers in the world, including subsidiaries of the Sinar Mas group and Wilmar that operate in Indonesia.
WWF and WRI have partnered to develop a roadmap for creating Sustainable Energy Access Forums (SEAFs) at the country level. The roadmap offers a multi-stakeholder approach to strengthening the enabling environment around (a) investments, (b) planning, and (c) policy and regulation of clean energy initiatives.
There are 229 natural and mixed World Heritage sites in 96 countries around the world. These places are often considered to be iconic symbols of conservation. This report shows, unfortunately, that nearly half of these sites face significant threats to their unique values, putting the livelihoods and well-being of people who depend on them at risk.
This study by TRAFFIC and WWF, with support from the US Fish and Wildlife Service and US NOAA Fisheries, finds that trade may be a threat to the conservation of the chambered nautilus. The report calls on source and destination countries to take actions to reform harvest and trade controls to prevent the overexploitation and illegal harvest and sale of nautilus.
Little has been done to systematically study and report on ranger working conditions, nor better understand how rangers feel about their work—their concerns, challenges, rewards and motivations. We are therefore excited to be releasing the Ranger Perceptions: Asia survey, which will be the first in a series of reports that shed light on the lives of rangers.
Brazil is home to the Amazon and other vital ecosystems that support diverse wildlife. This report provides guidance to agribusinesses, banks, policymakers, and other stakeholders that want to better understand Brazil’s new Forest Code so that they can promote, regulate, produce, consume, export, or import Brazilian agricultural products that comply with this law designed to protect its natural resources.
The year is 2020 and the world's food system is under increasing stress. Extreme weather and political conflict are undermining food production and creating shortages. Prices are skyrocketing. Social unrest is growing. Populations are at risk.
The first edition of a regular newsletter summarizing Asia High Mountains (AHM) activities across snow leopard range, as well as a regular column by our partners at the Snow Leopard Trust. Key features include a AHM at CoP 21, activation around Snow Leopard Day, and recent media coverage.
WWF’S Rapid Assessment of Circus-Arctic Ecosystem Resilience (RACER) presents a new tool for identifying and mapping places of conservation importance throughout the Arctic. This introductory handbook is intended as a general roadmap to the RACER method. It describes the approach and its use of the best available data to create maps of arctic key features as targets for future conservation efforts.
Monarch butterflies are highly sensitive to weather and climate, however, they also have a high capacity to adapt to longer term changes in climate. Explore this and other traits which make monarch butterflies vulnerable to climate change, as well as recommended climate-adaptive management strategies.
Polar bears rely almost entirely on the sea ice environment for traveling, hunting, mating and resting. Global warming and subsequent ice loss has been most pronounced in the Arctic, and this trend is projected to continue. Explore this and other traits which make polar bears vulnerable to climate change, as well as recommended climate-adaptive management strategies.
This briefing paper provides and overview on how the private sector can—and already is—helping deliver on global goals, particularly the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #6 on ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
Hidden Himalayas: Asia’s Wonderland maps out new species found by scientists from various organizations including 133 plants, 39 invertebrates, 26 fish, 10 amphibians, one reptile, one bird and one mammal.
Although metrics such as water use efficiency ratios are commonly employed within businesses to measurably demonstrate progress, assessing the benefits of water projects beyond a company’s four walls is much more difficult. To fill the gap, some companies are developing “replenish” methodologies to capture how quantitative or qualitative water benefits can be calculated for a given water-related community activity or conservation project.