TNRC Knowledge Hub - Communities and Inclusion

Communities and Inclusion

As local communities, Indigenous peoples, and other actors at national or sub-national levels seek to assert or protect access rights and to sustainably manage and benefit from their forests, fisheries, and wildlife resources, they may encounter significant challenges from corruption.

“Placing people at the center of interventions is key.”

Shambhavi Poudel
WWF Nepal

This page provides information, guidance, and tools to assess and address the threats that corruption can pose to community-based work and inclusive conservation efforts. The contents present evidence on how corruption can impact community-oriented conservation outcomes, provide illustrative case studies, and present tools to help design and implement context-appropriate projects.

Inside this Topic

1. Corruption and community-based conservation work

2. The nature and types of corrupt practices impacting community-based conservation and NRM work

2.1 Tenure and resource use and access rights
2.2 Collection of revenues and benefit sharing

3. Tackling corruption in the CBNRM sector: Strategies, initiatives, and interventions

3.1 Connecting human rights with anti-corruption
3.2 Indigenous Peoples (IPs) and Local Communities (LCs)
3.3 Strengthening natural resource tenure and institutions
3.4 Openness and transparency
3.5 Social accountability, media, and civil society organizations (CSOs)
3.6 Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC)


Image attribution: © / Jen Guyton / WWF; © Brian J. Skerry / National Geographic Stock / WWF; © Georgina Goodwin / Shoot The Earth / WWF-UK; © Hkun Lat / WWF-Aus