Climate change impacts all parts of the world, and finding solutions to the challenges posed by such an immense threat will require action from every country. Annual international climate talks are key to effectively addressing the problem.
What is COP23?
Back in 1992, the international community adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), marking the start of a global effort to confront the problem of climate change. The framework outlines actions to stabilize and reduce the amount of heat-trapping gases—known as greenhouse gases—released into the atmosphere and causing the planet to warm.
Every year, the parties to the agreement attend a ‘Conference of Parties’ to review and assess progress in reaching climate action goals. COP23 is the shorthand name for the 23rd Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC, and will take place from Nov. 6-17 in Bonn, Germany.
The Paris Agreement
The Paris Agreement is the world’s first truly global plan to address climate change. This UN climate agreement was adopted at COP21 in 2015, demonstrating the world’s a collective willingness to take urgent action. The unprecedented pact urges nations to pursue every effort to limit global temperature increase to well below 2°C—and aiming for 1.5°C—to stave off some of the worst impacts of climate change. Importantly, it creates the incentive for nations to continuously strengthen their climate actions over time.
Expectations for COP23
This round of international climate talks seeks to finalize key details of the Paris Agreement including how countries report progress on meeting their national climate targets and the launch of a process to trigger a new round of national targets by 2020. COP23 will also help world leaders leverage the role that local governments, cities, the private sector, and civil society play in helping nations set and meet their climate goals.