Climate change impacts all parts of the world, and finding solutions to the challenges posed by such an immense threat will require action from every country. Annual international climate talks are key to effectively addressing the problem.
What is COP25?
Back in 1992, the international community adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), marking the start of a global effort to confront the problem of climate change. The framework outlines actions to stabilize and reduce the amount of heat-trapping gases—known as greenhouse gases—released into the atmosphere and causing the planet to warm.
Every year, the parties to the agreement attend a ‘Conference of Parties’ to review and assess progress in reaching climate action goals. COP25 is the shorthand name for the 25th Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC, and will take place from December 2-13 in Madrid, Spain.
A unique global plan
In 2015, 195 countries came together to sign the Paris Agreement, the world's first truly global plan to address the climate crisis. The unprecedented pact is a single, sweeping agreement where each signatory contributes to efforts to keep global warming well below 2°C.
The Paris Agreement
The Paris Agreement is the world’s first truly global plan to address climate change. This UN climate agreement was adopted at COP21 in 2015, demonstrating the world’s a collective willingness to take urgent action. The unprecedented pact urges nations to pursue every effort to limit global temperature increase to well below 2°C—and aiming for 1.5°C—to stave off some of the worst impacts of climate change. Importantly, it creates the incentive for nations to continuously strengthen their climate actions over time.
Expectations for COP25
The 2019 climate talks offer a huge opportunity to push concerted and immediate action to avoid climate catastrophe. COP25 is a big moment for countries to do the following:
- Ramp up and strengthen their commitments to cutting carbon emissions and demonstrate leadership on climate action.
- Ensure that the poorest and most valuable communities have the resources to respond to severe and irreversible impacts of the climate crisis that they did not cause.
- Give young people, local and regional governments, business leaders, faith leaders, and more a chance to both demand action and showcase the innovative climate solutions.